Charles Louis Lucien Muller 1815-1892 Charlotte Corday

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Vendeur: laurent_ashton (240) 100%, Lieu où se trouve: Reno, Nevada, Lieu de livraison: Worldwide, Numéro de l'objet: 330038742681 "CHARLOTTE CORDAY AWAITS THE GUILLOTINE" BY CHARLES LOUIS LUCIEN MULLER (1815-1892) THIS IS AN ORIGINAL OIL PAINTING ON CANVAS PAINTED ON OCTOBER 9TH, 1889 BY RENOWNED FRENCH ARTISTS, CHARLES LOUIS LUCIEN MULLER IN COLLABORATION WITH ALFRED DE RICHMONT. BOTH ARTISTS WERE ALIVE DURING THE SAME ERA AND IT APPEARS THERE WAS SOME FORM OF COLLABORATION BETWEEN THEM IN THE CREATION OF THIS PAINTING. THIS PHOTOREALISTIC PAINTING DEPICTS A PORTRAIT OF CHARLOTTE CORDAY WHO WAS A SKILLED ASSASSIN AND OUTSPOKEN WOMAN FOR WOMEN'S RIGHTS DURING THE FRENCH REVOLUTION. IN THIS POWERFUL PORTRAIT, CHARLOTTE CORDAY HOLDS AN INK QUILL IN HER HAND WHILST IMPRISONED AWAITING IMPENDING DEATH BY GUILLOTINE. THE ARTWORK IS IN EXCELLENT CONDITION. THE PAINTING IS SIGNED BY ALFRED DE RICHMONT AVEC CHARLES LOUIS LUCIEN MULLER AND DATED OCTOBER 9TH, 1889 , BOTTOM RIGHT. THE DIMENSIONS ARE 19.5 X 16 INCHES. and 26 x 22 INCHES FRAMED. THERE IS A NICE WOOD FRAME AND THE PAINTING IS READY TO HANG ON THE WALL. THIS FINE PAINTING WILL ADD CHARACTER AND CLASS TO ANY HOME. THE PROVENANCE OF THIS FINE ARTWORK IS FROM A PROMINENT ESTATE AUCTION IN DALLAS TEXAS. A CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICITY HAND SIGNED BY LAURENT ASHTON ON ARCHIVAL LAID PAPER WILL ACCOMPANY THIS ARTWORK. THANK YOU FOR THIS OPPORTUNITY TO DO BUSINESS WITH YOU. REGARDS, LAURENT ASHTON BIOGRAPHY OF CHARLOTTE CORDAY COURTESY OF WWW.WIKIPEDIA.ORG:Charlotte Corday From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Charlotte Corday Portrait of Charlotte Corday, artist unknown Born Marie-Anne Charlotte de Corday d'Armont 27 July 1768 Saint-Saturnin-des-Ligneries, Ecorches, Orne, Normandy, France Died 17 July 1793 (aged 24) Paris Cause of death Decapitation by guillotine Known for A figure of the French Revolution, executed for the assassination of Jean-Paul Marat Religion Roman Catholic Parents Jacques François de Corday, seigneur d'Armont Charlotte Marie Jacqueline Gaultier de Mesnival Marie-Anne Charlotte de Corday d'Armont (27 July 1768 – 17 July 1793), known to history as Charlotte Corday, was a figure of the French Revolution. In 1793, she was executed under the guillotine for the assassination of Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat, who was partly responsible for the Reign of Terror. His murder was memorialized in a celebrated painting by Jacques-Louis David which shows Marat after Corday had stabbed him to death in his bathtub. In 1847, writer Alphonse de Lamartine gave Corday the posthumous nickname l'ange de l'assassinat (the Angel of Assassination). Contents 1 Biography2 Marat's assassination3 Trial4 Hair and controversy5 Cultural references6 Notes7 Further reading8 External links [edit] Biographyedit] edit] Born in Saint-Saturnin-des-Ligneries, a hamlet in the commune of Écorches (Orne), in Normandy, France, Charlotte Corday was a member of a minor aristocratic family. She was a descendant of the dramatist Pierre Corneille, in direct line (5th generation) from his daughter and down the women's side of the family. Her parents were cousins. [[1]] While Charlotte Corday was a young girl, her mother, Charlotte Marie Jacqueline Gaultier de Mesnival (1737-1782) and her older sister died. Her father, Jacques François de Corday, seigneur d'Armont (1737-1798), unable to cope with his grief over their death, sent Charlotte and her younger sister to the Abbaye-aux-Dames convent in Caen where she had access to the abbey's library and first encountered the writings of Plutarch, Rousseau and Voltaire.[1] After 1791, she lived in Caen with her cousin, Madame Le Coustellier de Bretteville-Gouville. The two developed a close relationship and Charlotte was the sole heir to her cousin's estate.[2] [edit] Marat's assassinationedit] edit] edit] Charlotte Corday by Paul Jacques Aimé Baudry, posthumous (1860): Under the Second Empire, Marat was seen as a revolutionary monster and Corday as a heroine of France, represented in the wall-map. Jean-Paul Marat was a member of the radical Jacobin faction which would have a leading role during the Reign of Terror. As a journalist, he exerted power and influence through his newspaper, L'Ami du peuple ("The Friend of the People"). Charlotte Corday's decision to kill Marat was stimulated not only by her revulsion at the September Massacres, for which she held Marat responsible, but for her fear of an all out civil war.[3] She believed that Marat was threatening the Republic, and that his death would end violence throughout the nation. She also believed that King Louis XVI should not have been executed.[4] The Death of Marat by David, (1793) On 9 July 1793, Charlotte left her cousin, carrying a copy of Plutarch's Parallel Lives, and went to Paris, where she took a room at the Hôtel de Providence. She bought a kitchen knife with a six-inch blade. She then wrote her Addresse aux Français amis des lois et de la paix ("Address to the French people, friends of Law and Peace") to explain her motives for assassinating Marat. She went first to the National Assembly to carry out her plan, but discovered Marat no longer attended meetings. She went to Marat's home before noon on 13 July, claiming to have knowledge of a planned Girondist uprising in Caen; she was turned away. On her return that evening, Marat admitted her. At the time, he conducted most of his affairs from a bathtub because of a debilitating skin condition. Marat wrote down the names of the Girondists that she gave to him, then she pulled out the knife and plunged it into his chest, piercing his lung, aorta and left ventricle.[citation needed] He called out, Aidez-moi, ma chère amie! ("Help me, my dear friend!") and died. This is the moment memorialised by Jacques-Louis David's painting (illustration, right). The iconic pose of Marat dead in his bath has been reviewed from a different angle in Baudry's posthumous painting of 1860, both literally and interpretively: Corday, rather than Marat, has been made the hero of the action. [edit] Trialedit] edit] edit] Caricature of Corday's trial by James Gillray, 1793. At her trial, Charlotte Corday testified that she had carried out the assassination alone, saying "I killed one man to save 100,000." It was likely a reference to Maximilien Robespierre's words before the execution of King Louis XVI. On 17 July 1793, four days after Marat was killed, Charlotte Corday was executed under the guillotine. Charlotte Corday. Anonymous etching after a drawing made on the day of her execution, 17 July 1793, by Charles-Paul Jérôme de Bréa (1739-1820). After her decapitation, a man named Legros lifted her head from the basket and slapped it on the cheek.[5] Witnesses report an expression of "unequivocal indignation" on her face when her cheek was slapped. This slap was considered unacceptable and Legros was imprisoned for three months because of his outburst[6] Jacobin leaders had her body autopsied immediately after her death to see if she was a virgin. They believed there was a man sharing her bed and the assassination plans. To their dismay she was found to be virgo intacta (a virgin) a condition that focused more attention on women throughout France -- laundresses, housewives, domestic servants -- who were also rising up against authority after having been controlled by men for so long.[7] The assassination did not stop the Jacobins or the Terror: Marat became a martyr, and busts of him replaced crucifixes and religious statues that had been banished under the new regime. [edit] Hair and controversyedit] edit] Soon after her death, confusion arose surrounding the color of Corday's hair. Although her passport, filled out and signed by a Caen official, describes her hair as chestnut brown, the painting "The Murder of Marat" by Jean-Jacques Hauer pictures Corday as having powdered blond hair. Following Corday's execution and the popularity of Hauer's painting, stories quickly spread about how Corday had hired a local coiffeur to straighten and lighten her hair. Although this story rapidly became popular in Paris at the time, there is no historical evidence to support that it actually happened. Part of the reason for the discrepancy in descriptions of Corday can be attributed to the stigma attached to powdered hair. At the time, only nobility and Royalty ever powdered their hair, and in a time of violent anti-royalist revolt, such association can be powerful in influencing popular opinion.[8] [edit] Cultural referencesedit] edit] Percy Bysshe Shelley wrote about her in his Posthumous Fragments of Margret Nicholson (1810).edit] Alphonse de Lamartine devoted to her a book of his Histoire des Girondins (1847), in which he gave her this now famous nickname: "l'ange de l'assassinat" (the angel of assassination).Italian composer Lorenzo Ferrero (1951– ) composed an opera in three acts Charlotte Corday, which was premièred at Teatro dell'Opera di Roma in February, 1989.In Peter Weiss's Marat/Sade, the assassination of Marat is presented as a play, written by the Marquis de Sade, to be performed by inmates of the asylum at Charenton, for the public.American dramatist Sarah Pogson Smith (1774–1870) also memorialised Corday in her verse drama The Female Enthusiast: A Tragedy in Five Acts (1807). A minor character in P.G. Wodehouse's Jeeves series is named after Charlotte Corday.British singer-songwriter Al Stewart included a song co-written by Tori Amos about Corday on his album Famous Last Words (1993).In Katherine Neville's novel The Eight, Charlotte Corday changes place with the heroine Mireille, who kills Jean-Paul Marat for revenge.French dramatist François Ponsard (1814–1867) wrote a play, Charlotte Corday, which was premièred at the Théâtre-Français in March, 1850.A novel by the English writer Graeme Fife, "Angel of the Assassination" tells Charlotte's story. It was first published in 2009 by the American publisher Merit Publishing International.The historical-fiction "My Bonny Light Horseman", part of the Bloody Jack series by L.A. Meyer, references a Jean-Paul de Valdon, who claims to be the cousin of Charlotte Corday [edit] Notesedit] edit] edit] edit] ^ Whitham, John Mills, Men and Women of the French Revolution, Freeport, New York: Books for Libraries Press, Inc., 1968, pp. 154-155.^ ib. Whitham, p. 157.^ ib. Whitham, p. 161.^ ib. Whitham, p. 160.^ Charles-Henri Sanson, the executioner, indignantly rejected published reports that Legros was one of his assistants. In his diary, Sanson stated that Legros was in fact a carpenter who had been hired to make repairs to the guillotine. See:La Révolution française vue par son bourreau : Journal de Charles-Henri Sanson, Éditions de l'Instant, 1988; Le Cherche Midi, 2007, p. 65, ISBN 2-7491-0930-2, ISBN 978-2-7491-0930-5,(French).^ Mignet, François, History of the French Revolution from 1789 to 1814, (1824).^ Corazzo, Nina, and Catherine R. Montfort, Charlotte Corday: femme-homme, in Literate Women and the French Revolution of 1789, ed. Catherine R. Montfort, 47 (Birmingham, Alabama: Summa Publications, Inc., 1994), 45.^ "The Blonding of Charlotte Corday", in Eighteenth Century Studies, by Nina Rattner Gelbart, (Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004) [edit] Further readingedit] Guillaume Mazeau, "Le bain de l'histoire. Charlotte Corday et l'attentat contre Marat (1793-2009"), Seyssel, Champ Vallon, 2009.Guillaume Mazeau, "Corday contre Marat. Deux siècles d'images", Versailles, Artlys, 2009.Guillaume Mazeau, "Charlotte Corday en 30 Questions", La Crèche, Geste éditions, 2006.Charlotte Corday, L’Addresse aux Français amis des lois et de la paix ("Address to French friends of the Law and Peace").Stanley Loomis, Paris in the Terror, J. B. Lippincott, 1964.Franklin, Charles, Woman in the Case, New York: Taplinger, 1967.Goldsmith, Margaret, Seven Women Against the World, Methuen, London, 1935.Sokolnikova, Halina, Nine Women Drawn from the Epoch of the French Revolution, Trans. H C Stevens, Cape, New York, 1932.Corazzo, Nina, and Catherine R. Montfort, Charlotte Corday: femme-homme, In Literate Women and the French Revolution of 1789, edited by Catherine R. Montfort, umma Publications, Inc., Birmingham, Alabama, 1994.Gutwirth, Madelyn, The Twilight of the Goddesses; Women and Representation in the French Revolutionary Era, Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1992.Kindleberger, Elizabeth R, Charlotte Corday in Text and Image: A Case Study in the French Revolution and Women's History, French Historical Studies 18, no. 4 (1994): 969-999.Outram, Dorinda, The Body and the French Revolution: Sex, Class and Political Culture, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1989.Whitham, John Mills, Men and Women of the French Revolution, Books for Libraries Press, Inc., Freeport, New York, 1968. edit] [edit] External linksedit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Charlotte Corday edit] edit] Images of Charlotte Corday and of places related to her lifebiography/movie Articles on the French Revolution Pre-Revolution · Causes of the Revolution · National Constituent Assembly · Constitutional Monarchy · Convention · Directoire (Council of Five Hundred and Council of Ancients) · succeeded by Consulate Significant civil and political events by year 1788 Civil and political events: Day of the Tiles (7 Jun 1788) · Assembly of Vizille (21 Jul 1788) 1789 Civil and political events: Reveillon riot (28 Apr 1789) Convocation of the Estates-General (5 May 1789) · National Assembly (17 Jun to 9 Jul 1790) Tennis Court Oath (20 Jun 1789) · Storming of the Bastille (14 Jul 1789) · Great Fear (20 Jul to 5 Aug 1789) Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (27 Aug 1789) · Women's March on Versailles (5 Oct 1789) 1790 Civil and political events: Abolition of the Parlements (3 Feb 1790) · Abolition of the Nobility (19 Jun 1790) · Civil Constitution of the Clergy (12 Jul 1790) Abolition of the Parlements (12 Jul 1790) 1791 Civil and political events:Flight to Varennes (20 and 21 Jun 1791) · Champ de Mars Massacre (17 Jul 1791) · Declaration of Pillnitz (27 Aug 1791) The Constitution of 1791 (3 Sep 1791) · Legislative Assembly (1 Oct 1791 to Sep 1792) · Self-denying ordinance (30 Sep 1791) 1792 Civil and political events: Brunswick Manifesto (25 Jul 1792) · Paris Commune becomes insurrectionary (Jun 1792) · 10th of August (10 Aug 1792) September Massacres (Sep 1792) · National Convention (20 Sep 1792 to 26 Oct 1795) · First republic declared (22 Sep 1792) 1793 Civil and political events: Louis Capet is guillotined (21 Jan 1793) · Marie Antoinette is guillotined (21 Jan 1793) · Revolutionary Tribunals (9 Mar 1793 to 31 May 1795) · Reign of Terror (27 Jun 1793 to 27 July 1794) · (Committee of Public Safety · Committee of General Security) · Fall of the Girondists (13 Jul 1793) · Assassination of Marat (13 Jul 1793) Levée en masse (23 Aug 1793) · Law of Suspects (17 Sep 1793) · Anti-clerical laws (throughout the year) 1794 Civil and political events: Danton & Desmoulins guillotined (5 Apr 1794) · Law of 22 Prairial (10 Jun 1794) · Thermidorian Reaction (27 Jul 1794) · White Terror (Fall 1794) · Closing of the Jacobin Club (11 Nov 1794) 1795 Civil and political events: 1795 Constitution (22 Aug 1795) · Conspiracy of the Equals (Nov 1795) · Directoire (1795-1799) 1796 Civil and political events: 1797 Civil and political events: The coup of 18 Fructador (4 Sep 1797) · Second Congress of Rastatt(Dec 1797) 1798 Civil and political events: 1799 Civil and political events: The coup of 18 Brumaire (9 Nov 1799) · Constitution of the Year VIII (24 Dec 1799) Revolutionary wars 1792: Battle of Valmy · Royalist Revolts (Chouannerie · Vendée · Dauphiné) · Battle of Verdun · Siege of Thionville · Siege of Lille · Siege of Mayence · Battle of Jemappes · Siege of Namur 1793: First Coalition · Siege of Toulon (18 Sep to 18 Dec 1793) · War in the Vendée · Battle of Neerwinden) · Battle of Famars (23 May 1793) · Capture of San Pietro and Sant'Antioco (25 May 1793) · Battle of Kaiserslautern · Siege of Mainz · Battle of Wattignies · Battle of Hondshoote · Siege of Bellegarde · Battle of Peyrestortes (Pyrenees) · First Battle of Wissembourg (13 Oct 1793) · Battle of Truillas (Pyrenees) Second Battle of Wissembourg (26 and 27 Dec 1793) 1794: Battle of Villers-en-Cauchies (24 Apr 1794) · Battle of Boulou (Pyrenees) (30 Apr and 1 May 1794) · Battle of Tournay (22 May 1794) · Battle of Fleurus (26 Jun 1794) · Chouannerie · Battle of Tourcoing (18 May 1794) · Battle of Aldenhoven (2 Oct 1794) 1795: Peace of Basel 1796: Battle of Lonato (3 and 4 Aug 1796) · Battle of Castiglione (5 Aug 1796) · Battle of Theiningen · Battle of Neresheim (11 Aug 1796) · Battle of Amberg (24 Aug 1796) · Battle of Würzburg (3 Sep 1796) · Battle of Rovereto (4 Sep 1796) · First Battle of Bassano (8 Sep 1796) · Battle of Emmendingen (19 Oct 1796) · Battle of Schliengen (26 Oct 1796) · Second Battle of Bassano (6 Nov 1796) · Battle of Calliano (6 and 7 Nov 1796) · Battle of the Bridge of Arcole (15 to 17 Nov 1796) · The Ireland Expedition (Dec 1796) 1797: Naval Engagement off Brittany (13 Jan 1797) · Battle of Rivoli (14 and 15 Jan 1797) · Battle of the Bay of Cádiz (25 Jan 1797) · Treaty of Leoben (17 Apr 1797) · Battle of Neuwied (18 Apr 1797) · Treaty of Campo Formio (17 Oct 1797) 1798: French Invasion of Egypt (1798–1801) · Irish Rebellion of 1798 (23 May – 23 Sep 1798) · Quasi-War (1798 to 1800) · Peasants' War (12 Oct to 5 Dec 1798) 1799: Second Coalition (1798-1802) · Siege of Acre (20 Mar to 21 May 1799) · Battle of Ostrach (20 and 21 Mar 1799) · Battle of Stockach (25 Mar 1799) · Battle of Magnano (5 Apr 1799) · Battle of Cassano (27 Apr 1799) · First Battle of Zürich (4-7 Jun 1799) · Battle of Trebbia (19 Jun 1799) · Battle of Novi (15 Aug 1799) · Second Battle of Zürich (25 and 26 Sep 1799) 1800: Battle of Marengo (14 Jun 1800) · Battle of Hohenlinden (3 Dec 1800) · League of Armed Neutrality (1800-1802) 1801-1802: Treaty of Lunéville (9 Feb 1801) · Treaty of Florence (18 Mar 1801) · Battle of Algeciras (8 Jul 1801) · Treaty of Amiens (25 Mar 1802) Military leaders French army officers: Eustache Charles d'Aoust · Pierre Augereau · Alexandre de Beauharnais · Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte · Louis Alexandre Berthier · Jean-Baptiste Bessières Guillaume Marie Anne Brune · Jean François Carteaux · Jean Étienne Championnet · Chapuis de Tourville · Adam Philippe, Comte de Custine · Louis-Nicolas Davout · Louis Charles Antoine Desaix Jacques François Dugommier · Charles François Dumouriez · Pierre Marie Barthélemy Ferino · Louis-Charles de Flers · Paul Grenier · Emmanuel de Grouchy · Jacques Maurice Hatry · Lazare Hoche Jean-Baptiste Jourdan · François Christophe Kellermann · Jean-Baptiste Kléber · Pierre Choderlos de Laclos · Jean Lannes · Charles Leclerc Claude Lecourbe · François Joseph Lefebvre · Jacques MacDonald · Jean Antoine Marbot · Jean Baptiste de Marbot · François-Séverin Marceau · Auguste de Marmont · André Masséna Bon-Adrien Jeannot de Moncey · Jean Victor Marie Moreau · Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier · Joachim Murat · Michel Ney fr:Pierre-Jacques Osten · Nicolas Oudinot · Catherine-Dominique de Pérignon · Charles Pichegru · Józef Antoni Poniatowski · Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr · Barthélemy Louis Joseph Schérer · Jean-Mathieu-Philibert Sérurier Joseph Souham · Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult · Louis Gabriel Suchet · Belgrand de Vaubois · Claude Victor-Perrin, Duc de Belluno French naval officers: Charles-Alexandre Linois · Opposition military figures: Ralph Abercromby (British) · József Alvinczi (Austrian) · Archduke Charles of Austria · Duke of Brunswick (Prussian) Count of Clerfayt (Walloon fighting for Austria) · Luis Firmin de Carvajal (Spanish) · Karl Aloys zu Fürstenberg (Russian) · Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen (Prussian) · Friedrich Freiherr von Hotze (Swiss in Austrian service) Count of Kalckreuth (Austrian) Alexander Korsakov (Russian) · Pál Kray (Hungarian serving Austria) · Charles Eugene, Prince of Lambesc (French in the service of Austria) · Maximilian Baillet de Latour (Walloon in the service of Austria) · Karl Mack von Leiberich (Austrian) · Rudolf Ritter von Otto (Saxon fighting for Austria) · Antonio Ricardos (Spanish) James Saumarez, 1st Baron de Saumarez (British admiral) · Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (Austrian) · William V, Prince of Orange (Dutch) · Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth (British admiral) · Peter Quasdanovich (Austrian) · Prince Heinrich XV Reuss of Plauen (Austrian) · Alexander Suvorov (Russian) · Johann Mészáros von Szoboszló (Hungarian in Austrian service) · Karl Philipp Sebottendorf (Austrian) · Dagobert von Wurmser (Austrian) · Duke of York (British) Other important figures and factions Royals and Royalists: Charles X of France · Louis XVI · Louis XVII · Louis XVIII · Louis Antoine, Duke of Enghien · Louis Henri, Prince of Condé · Louis Joseph, Prince of Condé Louis Philippe of France · Marie Antoinette · Princess Marie Louise of Savoy Madame du Barry · Louis de Breteuil · Loménie de Brienne · Charles Alexandre de Calonne · Chateaubriand Jean Chouan · Grace Elliott · Arnaud de Laporte · Jean-Sifrein Maury · Mirabeau · Jacques Necker Feuillants: Antoine Barnave · Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth · Charles Malo François Lameth · Lafayette Girondists: Jacques Pierre Brissot · Étienne Clavière · Marquis de Condorcet · Charlotte Corday · Marie Jean Hérault · Roland de La Platière · Madame Roland Jean Baptiste Treilhard · Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud · Bertrand Barère de Vieuzac · Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve Montagnards: Paul Nicolas, vicomte de Barras · Georges Couthon · Georges Danton · Jacques Louis David · Camille Desmoulins · Roger Ducos · Jean Marie Collot d'Herbois Jean-Paul Marat · Prieur de la Côte-d'Or · Prieur de la Marne · Robespierre · Gilbert Romme · Jean Bon Saint-André Saint-Just · Jean-Lambert Tallien · Bertrand Barère de Vieuzac Hébertists: Jacques Hébert · Jacques Nicolas Billaud-Varenne · Pierre Gaspard Chaumette · Jacques Roux Bonapartists: Napoléon Bonaparte · de Cambacérès · Jacques-Louis David · Jean Debry · Joseph Fesch · Charles François Lebrun · Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai Others: Jean-Pierre-André Amar · François-Noël Babeuf · Jean Sylvain Bailly · François-Marie, marquis de Barthélemy · Jacques Nicolas Billaud-Varenne Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot · André Chénier · Jean-Jacques Duval d'Eprémesnil · Antoine Quentin Fouquier-Tinville · Olympe de Gouges · Father Henri Grégoire Philippe-François-Joseph Le Bas · Jacques-Donatien Le Ray · Jean-Baptiste Robert Lindet · Guillaume-Chrétien de Malesherbes · Antoine Christophe Merlin de Thionville Jean Joseph Mounier · Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours · François de Neufchâteau · Louis Michel le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau · Pierre Louis Prieur · Jean-François Rewbell · Louis Marie de La Révellière-Lépeaux · Marquis de Sade · Antoine Christophe Saliceti · Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès Madame de Staël · Talleyrand · Thérésa Tallien · Gui-Jean-Baptiste Target · Catherine Théot · Marc-Guillaume Alexis Vadier · Jean-Henri Voulland Influential thinkers Les Lumières · Beaumarchais · Edmund Burke · Anacharsis Cloots · Charles-Augustin de Coulomb · Pierre Claude François Daunou · Diderot · Benjamin Franklin · Thomas Jefferson · Antoine Lavoisier · Montesquieu · Thomas Paine · Jean-Jacques Rousseau · Voltaire The Bonapartes Joséphine de Beauharnais · Joseph Bonaparte · Lucien Bonaparte · Napoleon Bonaparte Cultural impact La Marseillaise · Fabre d'Églantine · French Tricolour · Liberté, égalité, fraternité · Bastille Day · Panthéon · French Republican Calendar · Cult of the Supreme Being · Cult of Reason · Sans-culottes · Metric system Quatrevingt-treize · A Tale of Two Cities · The Scarlet Pimpernel · Scaramouche · La Révolution française · Orphans of the Storm · Danton Original/Reproduction: Original, Listed By: Dealer or Reseller, Signed?: Signed, Medium: Oil, Subject: Figures & Portraits, Style: Realism, Size Type/Largest Dimension: Medium (Up to 30"), Date of Creation: 1800-1899, Region of Origin: Europe

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